Men who do not have complaints, even after the age of 50 years after the controls should be done once said Professor. Doctors have emphasized the importance of early detection and regular controls in prostate cancer treatment.
The prostate, a secretory gland found in every man, is of great importance for male health. The urethra, which we call urethra, discharges the urine out of the prostate, and weighs about 18-20 grams. Due to this anatomical feature, the growth of the end result in pressure on a part of the urinary tract and leads to complaints.
The prostate contributes to the formation of the liquid part of the menin. 95 percent of the semen volume with the seminal pouch is created by the prostate.
Prostate diseases are divided into three main groups: Prostate infections, benign prostate growth and prostate cancer. Prostate infections are seen in all age groups, but benign prostate growth and prostate cancer are mostly diseases of the older age group. Patients should be aware that they can’t get a prostate massage if they have any prostate issues and they should avoid using massage chairs for prostate massage if they are using any.
Beware of father and brothers!
Benign prostate growth is the result of progressive age-related hormonal changes. Prostate cancer in the family with prostate cancer is at greater risk.
Prostate enlargement leads to urine complaints. There may be symptoms such as frequent urination, difficulties in getting up at night, making urination and starting urination, dropping urine after the urine has dried out, decreasing urine power, feeling urine incomplete, bloody urination. Untreated can lead to serious problems, including kidney failure.
Regular checks even if there is no complaint
Benign growth occurs inside the prostate surrounding the urinary tract and leads to compression of the urinary tract. However, prostate cancer usually develops from the outside of the prostate, far away from the area surrounding the urinary tract. Therefore, urine may not cause complaints early on. For this reason, regular checks on the early diagnosis of prostate cancer are very important even if there is no complaint.
Since there is no protection against prostate diseases, men should not interrupt their regular checkups. In terms of early diagnosis of prostate cancer; After the age of 50, even if there are no complaints, and if they have prostate cancer in their family, they should have regular checks after 40 years of age.
PSA values are important
The methods used to diagnose prostate diseases can be listed as follows: urinalysis, evaluation of kidney functions, laboratory tests such as creatinine, BUN, PSA, urinary tract ultrasonography, urine flow rate measurement, amount of urine after urination, Multiparametric prostate MR, PET CT, Biopsies taken in conjunction with MR findings.
PSA (Prostate Specific Antigen), which has an important place in the diagnosis of prostate diseases; Is a component of the protein structure secreted by the prostate epithelial cells. It provides the meninin liquefaction. When the structure of the prostate cells deteriorates, the level at the side increases.
Early diagnosis saves lives
PSA; Especially in the diagnosis of prostate cancer, treatment planning and follow-up follow-up. Early diagnosis is life saving as it is in other cancers. PSA values below 1 ng / ml have a very low risk of developing prostate cancer in the future.
In general, after the age of 50 years, annual PSA checks and prostate examinations are recommended. In the early diagnosis of prostate cancer, it is important that the PSA values of the person in the previous years are known. This should be taken into consideration if there is a sudden increase in PSA values. The normal values of PSA vary with age.
PSA; Apart from prostate cancer, prostate infections may also develop in benign growths. At very high PSA levels, prostate cancer may be predicted to be advanced if there is no ACUTE infection.
Despite the widespread use of PSA, PSA values of 20-25% of prostate cancer cases have been found to be within normal limits. For this reason, new tests and methods such as pro PSA, prostate health index and multiparametric MR are used more frequently in prostate cancer.
Treatment methods in prostate patients
Benign prostate growth from prostate diseases; Drug and surgical options. TUR-P (transurethral resection of the prostate) is a gold standard method for the surgical treatment of benign prostate when treatment with drugs is not sufficient. This process, which is a new technology with plasma machinetic TUR system, provides safe operation and high patient satisfaction. Another method that is applied indoors is laser treatment of the prostate like green-light, red-light. Open prostate surgery is rarely used only in very large prostates today.
The treatment of prostate cancer differs according to the disease stage. Surgery and radiotherapy (beam) treatment options are available for the treatment of prostate-limited (localized) disease. Surgical method is called radical prostatectomy. Radical prostatectomy can be performed by open or robotic methods. Radiotherapy uses external radiotherapy or brachytherapy. If prostate cancer has metastasized, hormone therapy and chemotherapy treatments are applied. In hormone therapy, it is intended to suppress the testosterone hormone and thereby slow the progression of the cancer.